The time when banks only lend money is a thing of the past. It is possible that because of the difficulties that sometimes led to the bank. In response to such difficulties, there was the possibility of borrowing money faster and without exaggerated formalities. In addition to banks, loan companies and tantrabanks appeared on the financial market. It seems to be one and the same, but it’s not like that.
What a bank is, everyone knows more or less, but distinguishing a bank pair from a loan company is a challenge and creates more problems. How is this known? A questionnaire was conducted on social networking sites, which included the question: what is a tantrabank in your opinion? Here are the answers:
- 51% of respondents – another name of the loan company,
- 46% of respondents – a company operating in a similar way to a bank,
- 3% of respondents – a type of traditional bank.
The results are not surprising. The respondents most often identified a tantrabank with a loan company, even though it is a mistake. They are two other institutions. How did such an error occur?
Very probably from throwing companies that are not banks into one bag. If the company is not a bank, but grants loans, it means that it is a parabola.
Looking through various types of blogs and entries about loans, you can see that the terms “loan company” and “tantrabank” are used interchangeably. It is so common that the conviction that this is one and the same has persisted in society.
Since it has been explained that it is not one and the same, what is the difference between the two institutions. It’s best to start by explaining each of the problematic concepts.
tantrabank – collects, lends, does what he wants
To understand what a tantrabank is, one should look at the documents of the Financial Stability Committee. They define this concept very precisely. According to the records provided therein, dated back to 2008, a tantrabank is nothing more than an institution in which financial products are found, almost identical to a traditional bank. Therefore, tantrabanks can borrow money, but also accept it from customers as deposits.
Polish banking law says that such activities are intended only for banks and for savings and credit unions, while the tantrabank is neither this nor that. Due to this situation, it is not subject to the Polish Financial Supervision Authority. This means that he does not have to set a capital limit, he does not have to keep a secret about his clients, and their funds, paid to the company, are not protected.
Investments made by the tantrabank, including loans are made of money that customers pay. In such a system, the client should take into account the fact that some of the funds, or even their whole, may lose.
For this reason, the Commission warns that companies of this kind operate on the principle of a dangerous financial pyramid, and this is a balancing act on the verge of binding law. tantrabanks are not subject to supervision, which is why it is very easy to be cheated by such an institution, i.e. lose a lot of financial resources. From time to time, there are stories of people in the media that have engaged in the tantrabank and have been left with nothing. For this reason, the Financial Stability Committee is actively warning against institutions of this kind. The Public Warning List is published on the KSF website, which contains a list of a couple of banks suspected of committing a crime.
In such a situation it is not surprising that the parables are negatively associated by people, which started to affect loan companies – different institutions – which operate on different principles.
Loan company – borrowing with rules
Loan companies, also called non-bank loans, operate under the Consumer Credit Act. This is related to the inability to charge interest higher than four times the lombard loan. In addition, each advertising material should contain the amount of APY.
These are just some of the regulations, but you can see straight away that, unlike a couple of banks, companies have top-down guidelines. But who is watching over fulfilling the imposed duties? The activities of loan companies are controlled by the Union of Loan Companies (ZEP).
It should be noted, however, that not all loan companies belong to a union. This involves a very sharp and detailed verification procedure, because the relationship imposes strict membership rules. This is to ensure that the company’s clients are assured that they will not fall victim to fraud. The register of companies that belong to ZEP can be found on the website.
The main distinguishing features of the loan company are several rules: they grant loans from the owners and shareholders of the company, they do not take any deposits from customers, but the risk of losing financial resources is the responsibility of the owner. Thus, the client can feel safer.
Bank – rules, deposits, borrowing, but not everyone
A small part of the respondents recognized that the tantrabank is a kind of bank. This is not only wrong thinking, but can have many dangerous consequences. To warn potential clients it is good to mention exactly what the bank is. According to the Act of August 29, 1997:
“A bank is a legal person established in accordance with the provisions of laws, acting on the basis of permits authorizing to carry out banking activities that risk the risk of funds entrusted with any repayable title. (Journal of Laws of 2002 No. 72, item 665, as amended) ”
Pursuant to this act, the scope of activities performed by the bank is also determined, namely:
- accepting money from bank clients,
- spending the client’s money, at his request, at the end of a relevant, pre-determined period,
- keeping the account of payments and withdrawals,
- granting loans,
- granting bank guarantees and confirming them,
- activities related to securities,
- mediation in the transfer of money, in the repayment and timeliness of financial operations,
- granting payment cards,
- providing secret access to safekeeping, safe deposit boxes,
- sale and purchase of foreign currency,
- confirmation and granting of sureties.
You can see that the bank’s activity is very wide. However, only loans and credits granted by the bank are important in connection with granting financial support.
In order to get a loan from a bank, it is necessary to be an adult, able to perform legal acts, living in Poland and having a permanent source of income, i.e. employment. In loan companies it is not always required.
What’s more, before the bank issues a positive credit decision, it will check the creditworthiness of the client very carefully, making sure that he has the ability to repay the debt.
A number of factors are considered to be creditworthiness, including: customer age, income and amount. In addition, the banks check the debtors’ records and if there is a client’s name in them, then the chance for a loan decreases or disappears completely.
This is another difference between loan companies and the bank. Companies can check databases, but they do not have to do it. At the same time they need the client’s consent and usually in the regulations, which are approved when applying for a loan, there is such consent.
At the same time, even if the lender finds the customer’s name in the database, it is not always relevant for the approval of the application. The result is that you can get a loan in a loan company much easier.
Banks grant loans for various purposes – housing, cash, car and others. To make sure that the obligation will be regulated, the bank also adds insurance to the loan amount and requires additional security from the client, which may be an additional guarantee or a mortgage. Loan companies do not need such assurances.
In addition, banks provide high loans, so the repayment period can be up to several dozen years. Loan repayments are usually made in installments, determined individually and taking into account the borrower’s possibilities.
Loans in non-bank companies can also be repaid in installments, but such loans are usually paid for a short period of time – a month or two months.
Taking into account all aspects of taking a loan, the procedure of receiving money in a bank is time-consuming. Not everyone who needs cash has so much time.
In loan companies or in a couple of banks the procedure takes less time, even several minutes. Therefore, such institutions come with people who are in a hurry or those who can not get credit from the bank. However, you must remember that rush is never a good adviser.
Banks usually have confidence in banks, other financial institutions require more caution. It is best not to trust tantrabanks at all, but only to reach for a moment when you are sure that you can repay them quickly and at no additional cost.